New Delhi : The Union Cabinet’s approval for accession to the WIPO Copyright Treaty, 1996 (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonogram Treaty, 1996 (WPPT) is a positive step towards achieving one of the main objectives of the National IPR Policy of acceding to multilateral treaties which are in India?s interest.
Mr. Narendra Sabharwal, Chair, IPR Committee of FICCI said, “We welcome India’s accession to the treaties as this would ensure better protection to the country’s copyright holders globally in the digital era and provide them with a level playing field in other countries. The empowering of right owners in their dealings with digital platforms and extending the protection of copyrights to the digital environment, which is increasingly becoming the market place of the future, provide further justification for joining these treaties.”
He also emphasized that by enabling the creators of copyright to enjoy the fruits of their labour and to secure a fair return on the investment made in the production and distribution of their works, this ratification will be a great confidence booster for the creative industry. It will instil optimism among the creators, users, investors and spur business growth in the creative economy.
India’s accession to the treaties would facilitate its fight against the menace of on-line piracy by enabling recourse to legal remedies by authors, performers and producers of phonograms against circumvention of technological measures to protect their works and safeguard information about their use.
• Details About WIPO Copyright Treaty
• Cabinet approves accession to WIPO Copyright Treaty, 1996 and WIPO Performance and Phonograms Treaty, 1996
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approvedthe proposal submitted by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry regarding accession to the WIPO Copyright Treaty and WIPO Performers and Phonograms Treaty which extends coverage of copyright to the internet and digital environment The approval is a step towards the objective laid in the National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy adopted by the Government on 12thMay 2016 which aims to get value for IPRs through commercialization by providing guidance and support to EPR owners about commercial opportunities of e-commerce through Internet and mobile platforms.
Benefits : Meeting the demand of the copyright industries, these treaties will help India
- To enable creative right-holders enjoy the fruit of their labour, through international copyright system that can be used to secure a return on the investment made in producing and distributing creative works;
- To facilitate international protection of domestic rights holder by providing them level-playing field in other countries as India already extends protection to foreign works through the International Copyright order and these treaties will enable Indian right holders to get reciprocal protection abroad;
- To instil confidence and distribute creative works in digital environment with return on investment; and
- To spur business growth and contribute to the development of a vibrant creative economy and cultural landscape.
Copyright Act, 1957 : After the administration of Copyright Act 1957 was transferred to DIPP in March 2016, a study was initiated to examine compatibility of Copyright Act 1957 with WCT and WPPT. Also a joint study was undertaken with WIPO.
The Copyright Act, 1957 was amended in 2012 to bring it in conformity, with WCT and WPPT, includes amendment in definition of “Communication to the public” to make it applicable to digital environment (Section 2(ff)) as also introduced provisions related to Technological • Protection Measures (Section 65A) & Rights Management Information (Section 65B); Moral rights of performers (Section 38B); Exclusive rights of the performers (Section 38A); safe harbour provisions over electronic medium (Section 52 (1) (b) and (c)),
WIPO Copyright Treaty came in force on March 6, 2002 and has been adopted by 96 contracting parties till date and is A Special agreement under Berne Convention (for protection of literary and artistic works). It has provisions to extend the protection of copyrights contained therein to the digital environment. Further it recognises the rights specific to digital environment, of making work available, to address “on-demand” and other interactive modes of access,
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty came in force on May 20, 2002 and has 96 contracting parties as its members. WPPT deals with rights of two kinds of beneficiaries, particularly in digital environment – (i) Performers (actors, singers, musicians etc.) (ii) Producers of Phonograms (Sound recordings). The treaty empowers right owners in theit negotiations with new digital platforms and distributors. It recognizes moral rights of the performers for the first time & provides exclusive economic rights to them.
Both the treaties provide framework for creators and right owners to use technical tools to protect their works and safeguard information about their use i.e. Protection of Technological Protection Measures (TPMs) and Rights Management Information (RMI).